Most people have experienced back pains at least once in their lives. It is one primary reason why people call in sick at work. Besides, it ranks first in the causes of disability globally.
The good news is, you can prevent or relieve the pain.
What Causes Back Pains?
Acute back pain is one that doesn’t go beyond six weeks. On the other hand, back pain that lasts for more than three months is considered chronic. Here are some of the causes.
Continuous heavy lifting can lead to straining your back muscles as well as the spinal ligaments. Besides, a sudden awkward movement can lead to a strain too. The stress can lead to muscle spasms.
In some instances, arthritis can lead to narrowing of the space surrounding the spinal cord. That condition is referred to as spinal stenosis, which leads to an aching back.
The disks play a very crucial role. They act as cushions between the vertebrae. If the soft material inside the discs bulges or ruptures, it presses on a nerve. Nevertheless, your disks can bulge or rapture without resulting to back pains.
If your spine curves to either side, it can lead to back pain. However, young people are quite safe from this condition.
If your bones become porous, the spine can fracture due to compression. The fracture then leads to back pain.
What Makes you More Prone?
Although anyone can suffer from back pains, some factors increase the risk. Here are some of them.
As you advance in age, you are at a higher risk to suffer from back pain.
If you don’t exercise, your unused muscles grow weaker. Weak back and abdominal muscles can lead to back pain. Besides, if you don’t work out, you might accumulate excess body weight. The weight puts extra stress on your back, leading to back pain.
Smoking reduces blood flow to the lower spine. Therefore, your back pain gets deprived of enough nutrients. Besides, smoking slows down healing.
Preventing Back Pain
Prevention is always better than cure. Ensure you keep your back healthy by observing the tips below.
It doesn’t have to be an intense workout. Do activities that don’t strain your back. For instance, take walks or go swimming regularly. The doctor can help you choose the best exercise.
Muscle Strength and Flexibility
Flexibility in the hips and upper legs lead to healthier pelvic bones. That, in turn, makes your back feel better. A physical therapist can guide you on the best exercises to build your muscle strength and stability.
Quit the Cigar
As we have mentioned earlier, smoking is not suitable for your back. If you are struggling with quitting, seek professional help.
Move your Body Correctly
Avoid poor postures while standing, and avoid slouching. If you have to stand for long, alternate legs to reduce stress on your back.
Also, avoid sitting in one position for long, and choose a comfortable seat. While lifting, use your legs instead of the back.
Visit the Maryland Pain and Wellness Center for all professional advice you would need for chronic and acute pain management.