Blog Posts

Physical Therapy for Neuropathic Pain

Neuropathic pain, characterized by tingling, numbness, and shooting sensations, can significantly diminish one's quality of life. While medications offer relief for some, they often come with side effects and may not address the root cause.
May 31st, 2024
Five Chest Pain Causes That Aren't Heart Related

Five Chest Pain Causes That Aren't Heart Related

Experiencing chest pain can be alarming, often conjuring immediate concerns about heart-related issues. While chest pain can indeed be a symptom of cardiac problems – and its important to take those concerns seriously...
May 17th, 2024

Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Back Pain

In a world where chronic back pain affects millions, finding effective and non-invasive solutions is crucial. Traditional treatments like medications and physical therapy often provide relief, but emerging technologies offer a promising alternative...
May 3rd, 2024

Acupuncture for Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain can be a debilitating condition that affects individuals of all ages, often disrupting daily life and routine. While conventional medicine offers various treatments, many people seek alternative therapies to complement or replace...
Apr 19th, 2024

Massage Therapy for Chronic Pain

Living with chronic pain can be challenging, impacting not only physical well-being but also emotional and mental health. While there are various approaches to managing chronic pain, one increasingly recognized and effective method is massage therapy.
Apr 5th, 2024

Five Reasons to Speak with Your Doctor About Neck Pain

Neck pain is a common ailment that can range from a minor discomfort to a debilitating issue affecting your daily life. While it's tempting to dismiss occasional neck pain as a normal part of life, persistent or severe discomfort should not be ignored.
Mar 22nd, 2024

Five CRPS Therapy Options

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) can be a debilitating condition that affects the limbs, often causing severe pain and discomfort. While there is no one-size-fits-all solution for managing CRPS, various therapy options can help alleviate symptoms...
Mar 8th, 2024

Therapy Options for Neuropathic Pain

Neuropathic pain, often described as a shooting or burning sensation, is a complex condition that arises from damage or dysfunction in the nervous system. Unlike typical pain, neuropathic pain can be challenging to manage, requiring a nuanced approach...
Feb 23rd, 2024

Alternative Therapies for Back Pain

Back pain affects millions of people worldwide, hindering their daily activities and quality of life. While conventional treatments like pain medications and physical therapy can be effective, some individuals seek alternative therapies to alleviate...
Feb 9th, 2024

Chest Pain Therapies: Exploring Effective Solutions for Discomfort

Chest pain can be a frightening and concerning experience. It might stem from various causes, such as muscle strain, indigestion, or more serious conditions like angina or a heart attack. Regardless of the cause, finding the right therapies to alleviate...
Jan 26th, 2024

Therapeutic Options for Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain can be a perplexing and debilitating condition, and can be the result of a number of causes – some of which should be treated immediately by a healthcare professional. The discomfort and distress it brings can significantly impact...
Jan 12th, 2024

Living More Comfortably with Chronic Pain

Living with chronic pain is a challenging journey that millions of people around the world face daily. Whether it's due to a medical condition, injury, or underlying health issue, chronic pain can significantly impact one's quality of life.
Dec 29th, 2023

Tips for Dealing with Chronic Pain During the Winter

You’ve heard people with old injuries and suffering joints talk about how they can tell when bad weather is on the horizon because of all the pain they’re feeling. Maybe you’re one of those people, too. Especially with cold weather, chronic pain can be...
Dec 15th, 2023

Tips for Dealing with Winter Headaches

If you’re a regular sufferer of headaches, you know your triggers better than anyone – it could be a number of single things, or a combination of things, but you can usually figure out how to avoid those things whenever possible.
Dec 1st, 2023

Five Options for Chest Pain Therapy

Chest pain can be a terrifying experience, often triggering concerns about heart problems and serious health issues. While it's crucial to consult a healthcare professional if you're experiencing chest pain, there are several therapies and...
Nov 17th, 2023

Five Therapeutic Options for Back Pain

Suffering from persistent back pain can significantly impact your quality of life, making even the simplest tasks seem daunting. While it's essential to consult a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis, there are various therapeutic options that...
Nov 3rd, 2023

Treatment Options for Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is a common ailment that can range from mild discomfort to severe agony, depending on the cause. It can impact our daily lives and overall well-being, and can stem from various causes, such as indigestion, infections, or underlying...
Oct 20th, 2023

Chronic Pain Therapy Options

Living with chronic pain can be an overwhelming and debilitating experience. Whether it's due to a medical condition, injury, or other factors, finding effective ways to manage and alleviate chronic pain is essential for improving your quality of life.
Oct 6th, 2023

Natural Remedies for Neck Pain: 5 Effective Solutions

Neck pain is a common ailment that can be caused by poor posture, muscle strain, injury, or underlying health conditions. While medication and professional treatment may be necessary in some cases, there are several natural remedies that can provide...
Sep 22nd, 2023

Non-Prescription Treatments for CRPS

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition that affects the limbs, usually after an injury. It is characterized by a combination of symptoms including swelling, changes in skin color and temperature, sensitivity to touch...
Sep 11th, 2023

Non-Prescription Treatments for Groin Pain

Groin pain can be a source of discomfort and embarrassment for many people. It can occur due to various reasons, including muscle strain, hernia, or a groin pull. As for any such muscle pain, most patients will be prescribed typical painkillers...
Aug 25th, 2023

Nonprescription Remedies for Neuropathic Pain

If you experience the burning or shooting pain associated with neuropathic pain, or neuropathy, you will be fully aware of the many steps it can take to find something that helps reduce your pain.
Aug 11th, 2023

Nonprescription Remedies for Chest Pain

While chest pain can be one of the most common types of pain, it also can be one of the most serious. Any unusual, unexpected or concerning chest pain is worth discussing with your primary care physician and may require a visit to the emergency room...
Jul 28th, 2023

Exercises to Help with Back Pain

While back pain can be common, there are cases in which it can end up being an emergency. In the case of more severe back injuries and resulting back pain, the recovery period can be long and difficult, and may involve a wide array of possible treatments.
Jul 14th, 2023

Exercises for Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is incredibly common and it is rarely serious. However, if you’ve recently suffered an injury, or if the pain is long-lasting, particularly intense or otherwise of concern, you should speak to a medical professional.
Jun 30th, 2023

Natural Treatments Studied for CRPS

CRPS, or Complex Regional Pain Syndrome is typically caused when a person experiences some kind of physical trauma, or after surgery. There is no one kind of surgery or trauma that can cause CRPS, but the consistent part is that CRPS sufferers are...
Jun 16th, 2023

Natural Treatments Explored for Neuropathic Pain

While searching for “natural remedies,” you’re likely to come across all kinds of “miracle cure” type natural solutions that purport to do it all – reduce inflammation, take the pain away, or often some more irresponsible claim, like being a cure-all.
Jun 2nd, 2023

Noninvasive Low Back Pain Treatments

When we find ourselves suffering a new type of long-lasting or chronic pain, we might be concerned that surgery is the only option. Fortunately, for certain types of low back pain, there are plenty of options that you can explore. Some of these are...
May 19th, 2023

Helpful Facts about Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Complex regional pain syndrome, or CRPS, is a condition characterized by chronic pain in the sufferer. This pain is usually found in a leg or an arm, and typically comes about after a person experiences a stroke or heart attack, or after a surgery or...
May 5th, 2023

How Diet Affects Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is a complex thing to live with, and can encompass many different kinds of pain, resulting from many different causes. Because of this, any of the many different methods of treatment that are out there will not apply to any entire group of...
Apr 21st, 2023

Diet and Migraine Headaches

Migraines are one of the most common causes of chronic pain on the planet, causing a potential lower quality of life and lost work time. Over four million people throughout the world have chronic migraines, or about fifteen migraine days per month.
Apr 7th, 2023

Exercises to Relieve Neck Pain

Neck pain is incredibly common, though if you’ve sustained an injury to your neck, or suffer from arthritis or some kind of common pain, your type of neck pain is likely very different than a little stiffness from keeping your neck in one place for...
Mar 24th, 2023

Pericarditis and Chest Pain

People can suffer from chest pains for many different reasons. One possible cause is a condition known as pericarditis, which is the swelling and irritation of the pericardium, a saclike tissue around the heart.
Mar 8th, 2023

How to Know if Your Back Pain is an Emergency

While back pain is incredibly common, and many sources of it are treatable by your regular health care professional, some back pains could be the sign of something more serious.
Feb 24th, 2023

Products to Help With Groin Pain

Groin pain is a very common type of pain, especially in the cases of personal injury, such as not lifting properly. Anyone can develop a groin injury or groin pain from any number of causes, like pulled or strained muscles, hip disorders or even hernias.
Feb 9th, 2023

Acute Pain and Chronic Pain – When is it an Emergency?

Some people who suffer from chronic pain might be “used to” the idea of suffering from all kinds of acute pain, which can cause confusion if there is a new pain, equal in intensity to what is considered normal for them. No one wants to take a trip to...
Jan 27th, 2023

Five Products for Back Pain

While back pain can exist for many different reasons, the treatments for many varieties of back pain are the same. Whether you’ve suffered a temporary, long-term, or permanent injury for your back, typically you’ll be prescribed some sort of pain killer...
Jan 11th, 2023

Understanding Seasonal Changes and Chronic Pain

If you suffer from chronic pain, it’s highly likely that you’re going to be more affected by cold weather than most people. Cold weather keeps us indoors more, making it harder to get things done, and also makes it less likely we’ll get exercise.
Jan 2nd, 2023

When is a Headache an Emergency?

While headaches are incredibly common among all segments of the population, not all of them have simple and easy to understand causes. A normal tension headache or cluster headache might cause concern, but...
Dec 15th, 2022

Understanding Fall Headaches

If you have started noticing an increase in your headaches as the weather gets cooler, you aren’t alone. As it happens, many people deal with headaches in the fall, more than during other parts of the year.
Nov 30th, 2022

5 Facts About Lower Back Pain

We often ignore signs that our body needs rest, rehabilitation, or medical care. One often neglected part of the body is our lower back, which can take time and effort to take care of if it is injured.
Nov 18th, 2022

5 Facts About Chest Pain

Chest pain can be one of the more worrying pains to experience. It’s always good to be aware of the potential worst-case scenario...
Nov 4th, 2022

Five Apps for Chronic Pain Sufferers

You might have found that dealing with chronic pain remotely is easier than heading to a doctor. If so, you might consider looking into an app that helps you track your chronic pain symptoms which you can later share with your provider.
Oct 19th, 2022

Four Apps for Dealing with Migraines

We’ve discussed how to prevent migraines before, but if you’re finding yourself stuck with migraines and you don’t have the resources to figure out your own triggers, you might want to experiment with a migraine app.
Oct 11th, 2022

Products to Help with Abdominal Pain

You might suffer from abdominal pain for any number of reasons. Whether your pain is temporary, occasional, or chronic, you’ll want to find relief as soon as possible, lasting as long as it can.
Sep 23rd, 2022

Treating Pericarditis

Pericarditis, which is the irritation and swelling of the sac around the heart, can cause those with it severe pain. While it tends to go away on its own without need for treatment, there are cases where it sticks around and, in those cases, you should be
Sep 9th, 2022

Five Products to Help with Neck Pain

While most neck pain tends to go away on its own after some time, neck pain can persist, and if it comes back occasionally, it helps to have a plan of attack beyond the basics – medicine and resting your neck.
Aug 29th, 2022

Identifying Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, or CRPS, is not defined by one single set of symptoms. As its name suggests, it is a more wide-reaching term that refers to long-lasting and excessive pain in an arm or a leg.
Jul 30th, 2022

Five Products to Help with Chronic Pain

If you’ve been scouring the market for alternative ways to relieve your pain or something to add to your regular pain relief regimen, you might have found it difficult to vet what is helpful and what is not.
Jul 17th, 2022

Five Products to Help with Migraine Pain

Migraines affect 39 million Americans, and the traditional treatment options for such intense headaches are limited. Some of these options don’t work for some folks suffering extreme migraines, so they have to look elsewhere, to alternative medicines and..
Jul 10th, 2022

Telehealth and Chronic Pain

Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, most hospitals, doctor’s offices, and medical systems have begun offering telehealth consultations to keep patients safe by allowing the consultations to be conducted from their own homes.
Jul 3rd, 2022

Summer Time Outdoor Exercises

As things warm up and move outdoors, it’s time to start thinking about what healthy exercises you do outside, as well. The freedom of no walls means the freedom to move, and that’s what exercise is all about. You can explore your limitations safely out of
Jun 3rd, 2022

Chronic Pain Tips for Summer Time

Everyone deserves to enjoy the summer as much as possible, so if you’re going out, just be sure to remain prepared so that you can keep as much of your chronic pain at bay as you possibly can. Whether it’s clothing choices, food and drink choices, or lifes
Jun 2nd, 2022

Healthy Foods for Your Upcoming Barbecue

Whether you’re planning a family reunion, a block party, or if you’re just planning a nice, outdoor meal for your family, there’s nothing that feels more like warm weather than a good barbecue. The biggest problem with barbecue? Well...
May 20th, 2022

Eating Green for Springtime Health

Warmer weather means green is showing up everywhere. Finally, you’re able to get up, get out, get some exercise and then recharge from your spring day. Putting green food on your plate more regularly is good for your health, overall, so why not...
May 6th, 2022

Welcome in Spring with Exercise

With warmer weather comes the desire to stop the hibernating and get up and move. It’s a healthy instinct; it is recommended to get 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity physical activity.
Apr 26th, 2022

Managing Pain from Heart Disease and Angina

Two common sources of chest pain are angina and coronary heart disease. When the vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the hart narrow, that is coronary heart disease. Angina is the sort of discomfort or pain felt in the chest when you perform certain...
Apr 4th, 2022
Headaches – Beyond the 3rd Type

Headaches – Beyond the 3rd Type

Headache disorders are recognized throughout the medical community and organizations as disorders that effect a large number of people. This series about headaches began with a World Health Organization list of the four types of headaches that are ........
Mar 22nd, 2022
Headaches – The Cluster Headaches  

Headaches – The Cluster Headaches  

Part 3 of a 4 Part Series by Maryland Pain and Wellness Among the three most common talked about headaches although they affect the fewest number of individuals are the Cluster Headaches. Like the multiple aftershocks after an earthquake, Cluster headache
Mar 9th, 2022
Headaches – The Tension Type Headache (TTH) PART 2

Headaches – The Tension Type Headache (TTH) PART 2

Part 2 of a 4 Part Series by Maryland Pain and Wellness Headaches are not always a sign of an underlying disease; a Tension Type Headache (TTH) is an example of this phenomenon. It does not mean that the TTH can be ignored if they occur on a regular ....
Feb 23rd, 2022
Headaches – The Migraine PART 1

Headaches – The Migraine PART 1

Part 1 of a 4 Part Series by Maryland Pain and Wellness On lists of common pain the headache makes the cut. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “Globally, it has been estimated that prevalence among adults of current headache disorder ......
Feb 9th, 2022
How to Prevent Injury at Work

How to Prevent Injury at Work

Workplace safety is not just a buzzword to protect employers from lawsuits. In 2020 alone, there were 2.7 million nonfatal workplace illnesses and injuries reported to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Anyone can become injured at work, whether from a slip..
Feb 9th, 2022
Preventing Migraines

Preventing Migraines

Migraines can cause intense, debilitating pain that can leave the sufferer out of commission for hours on end. Preventing them can often be difficult, especially when you’re not aware of your triggers or the exact circumstances that cause your migraines.
Jan 12th, 2022
Eating Away the Chronic Pain (with a Healthy Diet)

Eating Away the Chronic Pain (with a Healthy Diet)

If you’re worried about illness, or about pain, looking at your diet is always a good place to start. You get the best results out of your body by monitoring what you put into it, and how your body reacts to it. Whether it’s a matter of allergens, ........
Dec 29th, 2021

Chronic Pain 

According to John Hopkins Medicine, “Chronic pain is long standing pain that persists beyond the usual recovery period or occurs along with a chronic health condition, such as arthritis. Chronic pain may be "on" and "off" or continuous. It may affect .....
Dec 15th, 2021
The Pain Management Specialist, Who, What and Where

The Pain Management Specialist, Who, What and Where

The who, what and where of the Pain Management Specialist begins with looking at who they are. WebMD puts it this way, “What do they treat? Many distinct types of pain, including pain that’s caused by surgery, injury, nerve damage, and conditions like.....
Dec 1st, 2021

Hot On the Trail of New Pain Relievers

The surge of opioid addictions and the battle to end it has put researchers hot on the trail of new pain relievers. Although every physician is qualified to prescribe pain relivers, a specialist should treat long term chronic pain. Pain management ........
Dec 1st, 2021
Keys to Healthy Aging

Keys to Healthy Aging

The key to remaining healthy as you age, and aging healthily, should be somewhat familiar to you if you already lead a healthy lifestyle. Obviously, there’s a good deal of adaptation as you get older, but staying mindful of your health and your health ....
Nov 17th, 2021
Anti-Inflammatory Diet

Anti-Inflammatory Diet

As with many bodily reactions to outside forces, inflammation is a reaction that is intended to protect the body from further harm, such as infections. It increases the body’s blood flow to areas that need to heal. The pain from inflammation is an alarm...
Nov 3rd, 2021

Preventing Back Pain at Work

Whether you’re returning to work after a back injury, or you’re looking to avoid injuring your back while working, there are some things to keep in mind around where you work and how. Occupational hazards may exist at your place of work that it is ....
Oct 20th, 2021
How Yoga Can Help with Pain

How Yoga Can Help with Pain

Yoga is the use of movements and breathing that is rooted in ancient India. It is often treated as a form of meditation, a form of physical exercise, or both at the same time. Not only does yoga have elements that help some practitioners become more.......
Oct 6th, 2021
Taking Care of Your Back, Even When You’re Asleep

Taking Care of Your Back, Even When You’re Asleep

Back pain can be rather intense, and treating it comes in many different forms. There are also many methods of avoiding and preventing back pain, which could reduce your need for back pain treatments in the future.
Sep 22nd, 2021
What to Do for Self-Care of Neck Pain

What to Do for Self-Care of Neck Pain

Neck pain can come from many sources, such as arthritis in the spine, spasms, muscle strains, a bulging disc and more. If the pain is chronic or severe, you should consult a physician, but if you’re prescribed home care, there are a few methods that are ..
Sep 8th, 2021
Staying On Top of Arthritis Pain

Staying On Top of Arthritis Pain

Arthritis causes stiffness, pain, swelling and a decreased range of motion in the joints. Being a joint pain, arthritis can affect most regions of the body, and the intensity varies from person to person. Sometimes arthritis gets more severe over time.....
Aug 24th, 2021
Pharmaceutical Pain Medicines and The Immune System

Pharmaceutical Pain Medicines and The Immune System

The opioid crisis flung open the investigative doors of pharmaceutical medicines and the immune system. There are always ongoing studies trying to decipher exactly how every medication works, its side effects and how it can be safer. When a prescription...
Aug 10th, 2021
Mindfulness

Mindfulness

Mindfulness is a way of life that includes keeping a focus on the feelings and senses of daily life. It includes practicing breathing focus, meditation, and techniques to relax the mind, body, and spirit. It is a way to open the mind and soothe the body...
Jul 27th, 2021
Spring Cleaning for Chronic Pain

Spring Cleaning for Chronic Pain

Most of the time, spring cleaning is looked upon as an opportunity to get one’s house in order, to get organized, to start anew, along with the season. This spring, consider that not only is it an opportunity to clean, but it might be an opportunity.....
Jul 14th, 2021
Alternative Therapies for Chronic Pain

Alternative Therapies for Chronic Pain

When faced with chronic pain, many people will look toward alternative therapies when and if traditional medicines and techniques don’t do the trick. Finding the right alternative therapy for your chronic pain should involve consultation with your doctor..
Jun 30th, 2021
Tech and Pain Relief

Tech and Pain Relief

The age of tech and pain relief is maturing. Researchers and medical professionals have been experimenting with alternative pain relief using neuromodulation since the 1960s. As tech has advanced so too have the applications of this nerve stimulation......
Jun 16th, 2021

CDC Proposing New Opioid Use Guidelines

For the first time since 2016 and the recognition of the opioid crisis across America, the CDC is proposing new opioid use guidelines for clinical practice in 2022. The CDC guidelines are not mandatory. According to the summary contained in the Proposed...
Jun 2nd, 2021
Dealing with Pericarditis

Dealing with Pericarditis

One possible source of chest pain is pericarditis, which is the irritation and swelling of the pericardium – the tissue which surrounds the heart. When the irritated layers rub against one another, they cause a pain often described as a sharp chest pain...
May 18th, 2021
Dealing with Cluster Headaches

Dealing with Cluster Headaches

A rare and not life-threatening type of headache experienced by most people is the cluster headache, which is also one of the most painful headache types. They can occur in the eye, or around it, on one side of your head, and may be strong enough to wake y
May 4th, 2021
Dealing with Back Sprains and Strains

Dealing with Back Sprains and Strains

The two most common types of back injuries are sprains and strains. Since the back is a weight-bearing champion when it comes to any physical movement, like running, walking, or lifting, any injury to it – common or not – should be taken seriously.........
Apr 20th, 2021
Dealing with a Herniated Disk

Dealing with a Herniated Disk

One of the more common sources of back pain is a herniated disk, which also may be called a bulging, slipped or ruptured disk. While pain from a herniated disk tends to go away on its own, it is helpful to know the signs to look for, should your herniated
Apr 6th, 2021
Dealing with an Inguinal Hernia

Dealing with an Inguinal Hernia

Hernias are a common enough problem, especially in men. While approximately 3% of women will develop a hernia, 27% percent of men will develop one. Of the hernias diagnosed, the most common are femoral or inguinal, making up 75 to 80% of hernia cases.
Mar 23rd, 2021

What to Understand About a Nerve Block

To prevent pain during and after surgery in a specific part of your body, your surgeon and anesthesiologist may recommend a nerve block. This is an injection of local anesthetic, which is performed near specific nerves in the part of your body...
Mar 10th, 2021

Understanding Neuropathic Pain

Neuropathic pain, or nerve pain, is usually described as a stinging, burning or shooting pain, sometimes radiating from one part of the body to another. This pain comes from the nerves transmitting pain signals from the body to the brain. ......
Feb 24th, 2021

Understanding Neck Pain

Neck pain is any pain or discomfort felt in the bones (vertebrae), discs between vertebrae, muscles, joints or nerves of the neck. Some such discomfort, such as soreness, can be accompanied by stiffness or difficulty moving your neck. Numbness, weakness...
Feb 10th, 2021

Monitoring and Treating Heart-Related Chest Pain

Chest pain can be confounding. It can be difficult to discern from a chest pain of no concern and a chest pain with long-term or critical impact on your health. While the chest pains caused by the heart or the lungs are the most life-threatening, it is..
Jan 27th, 2021

Identifying and Treating Back Pain

Back pain is an incredibly common problem, across the board. These pains range in intensity and frequency. They can be sharp or dull, they can come upon suddenly or they can be constant. Back pain is most likely to be caused by some sort of accident or...
Jan 13th, 2021

Understanding Your Headaches

Headaches are fairly simple to explain: a pain in your head. Everyone has had one, which is why it is the most commonly-reported type of pain. The cause of your headache, though, might not be entirely clear. Taking a minute to assess the reasons..
Dec 30th, 2020

What To Know About Groin Pain for Men

The groin is an area of the body that often has ambiguous interpretations, with “groin” sometimes being conflated with exterior genitalia. In fact, the groin covers the end of the abdomen to the beginning of the legs. Any pain in this area would be .......
Dec 16th, 2020

What Is Complex Regional Pain Syndrome?

Also known as CRPS, complex regional pain syndrome is a condition that causes acute, chronic pain. The pain typically presents in the extremities: arms, legs, hands and feet. It is hard to pinpoint a universal cause, but CRPS can often result from nerve...
Dec 2nd, 2020

Understanding Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is, fortunately, rarely serious, and it is incredibly common. It is best defined as pain that is felt between the chest and groin area. If you are experiencing abdominal pain, it is good to know whether or not that pain might indicate ......
Nov 18th, 2020

5 Reasons Your Back Hurts and How to Deal With It

Most people have experienced back pains at least once in their lives. It is one primary reason why people call in sick at work. Besides, it ranks first in the causes of disability globally. The good news is, you can prevent or relieve the pain.
Nov 4th, 2020